The Seven Layers of a Forest

Layers are one of the many tools used to design and implement functional ecosystems which are sustainable and of direct benefit to humans. Mature ecosystems have a large number of relationships between the component parts: trees, understory, ground cover, soil, fungi, insects and animals. Because trees, plants, etc grow to different heights it is extremely…

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What is Permaculture?

Permaculture is a philosophy. A philosophical view of the natural ecosystems in our world. Permaculture is a contraction of the words ‘permanent’, ‘agriculture’ and ‘culture’. For some, it is an essential way of life, for many an idea within their grasp and for others a dream to work and strive for. The beginning of permaculture…

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Permaculture: What Does It Mean?

The words “permanent culture” invoke the ideas of sustainability, reliability, and resilience – all important aspects of the growing philosophy known as permaculture. The foundations that make up this concept are not new. In fact, many of the ideas behind permaculture design can be found in traditional societies, ancient cultures that have existed in harmony…

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Permaculture: An Australian Concept, Globally Embraced

Gardeners and farmers around the world have welcomed the Australian concept of Permaculture – but outside of these circles, the philosophy has yet to be fully embraced by the rest of nation. Described by co-founder of permaculture, David Holmgren, the idea is to create “consciously designed landscapes which mimic the patterns and relationships found in…

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